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Heroes Of Our Time

Aircraft of the 100 Group totalled over 200, most of them specially equipped with equipment to intercept and jam enemy signals.

 

Types of aircraft included Halifax, Fortress, Liberator and Stirling heavy bombers, Mosquitoes, Beaufighters and Wellingtons.

 

They were primarily tasked to find, fix, jam and deceive the enemies radar, radio, navigation and control systems.

 

These aircraft flew supporting night bombing operations, but also independently to create spoof targets to help draw enemy fire from the bombers.

 

 

Main types of aircraft used by the 100 Group

 

Vickers-Armstrong Wellington B Mark III (Type 417)

 

Used by 1473 Flight and 192 Squadron at RAF Foulsham Dec 1943

 

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© IWM (CH 16994)

Vickers Wellington Mk III of No. 115 Squadron RAF, at Marham, Norfolk, June 1942

 

 

Short Stirling B Mark III

 

Used by 171 Squadron and 199 Squadron at RAF North Creake May 1944

 

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© IWM (CH 12683)

Stirling Mark III, EH930 ‘EX-N’, of No. 199 Squadron RAF, preparing to take off at Lakenheath, Suffolk, for a night-time minelaying operation off the Dutch coast

 

 

Handley Page Halifax B Mark III

 

Used by 171 Squadron, 192 Squadron, 199 Squadron and 462 Squadron at RAF North Creake May / Sept 1944 and RAF Foulsham Jan 1945

 

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© IWM (MH 6838)

Halifax B Mark III, MZ296 ‘Z5-L’, of No 462 Squadron RAAF, about to take off from Driffield, Yorkshire, on the crew's last operation of their tour, (note the chalked message on the tail fin). The aircraft was lost near Brussels the following month while flown by a different crew.

 

 

B-17 Flying Fortress B Mark II/III

 

Used by 214 Squadron, 223 Squadron, 1699 Flight, 803 Squadron at RAF Sculthorpe and RAF Oulton April / Sept 1944

 

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© United States Army Air Corps [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

B-17B Flying Fortress USAF Museum Photo

 

 

B-24 Liberator

 

Used by 223 Squadron, 803 Squadron USAAF at RAF Oulton Sept 1944

 

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© USAAF [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

B-24 44-414059 with nose art "Good Heavens!", 454th Bombardment Group, 736th Bombardment Squadron

 

 

de Havilland Mosquito B IV and XVI

 

Used by 192 Squadron at RAF Foulsham Dec 1943

 

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© IWM (E(MOS) 884)

Mosquito B Mark IV Series 2, DZ313, in flight shortly before delivery to No. 105 Squadron RAF at Horsham St Faith, Norfolk, as GB-E

 

 

de Havilland Mosquito Mk II, VI, XIX and XXX

 

Used by 23 Squadron, 85 Squadron, 141 Squadron, 157 Squadron, 169 Squadron, 239 Squadron, 515 Squadron and BSDU at RAF Foulsham Dec 1943, RAF West Raynham Dec 1943 - Jan 1944, RAF Little Snoring Jan - Mar 1944, RAF Swannington May - June 1944 and RAF Little Snoring July 1944

 

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© IWM (CM 4766)

Mosquito Mark II, DZ230 ‘YP-A, piloted by Wing Commander P G Wykeham-Barnes, Commanding Officer of No. 23 Squadron RAF, based at Luqa, flying past Filfla Island south-west of Malta

 

 

Types used in lesser numbers by the Group

 

A few other smaller light aircraft were also used by the group for various communications duties.

 

Lockheed P-38j Lightning

 

Used by US Intruder Detachment and US 7th Photographic Reconnaissance Group at RAF Foulsham Aug 1944 - Mar 1945

 

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© [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Lockheed P-38J-20-LO Lightning airplane "Yippee"

 

 

Bristol Beaufighter Mk II / VI

 

Used by 141 Squadron, 515 Squadron and 1692 Flight at RAF West Raynham Dec 1943

 

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© IWM (ATP 10603B)

Bristol Beaufighter Mk IIF night fighter of No. 255 Squadron RAF at Hibaldstow, Lincolnshire, 5 September 1941

 

 

Avro Anson Mk I

 

Used by 1473 Flight and 192 Squadron

 

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© IWM (MH 133)

Anson Mark I, L9150, of No. 1 Coast Artillery Cooperation Unit, on the ground at Gosport, Hampshire

 

 

Miles Martinet TT1

 

Used by 1694 Flight

 

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© IWM (CH 11880)

WAAF flight mechanics pull the chocks away from a Miles Martinet TT Mark I target tug of No. 289 Squadron RAF, on a hard standing at Turnhouse, Midlothian

 

 

Handley Page Halifax B Mk II and V

 

Used by 192 Squadron

 

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© IWM (E(MOS) 1111)

Halifax B Mark II Series 1A, HR861, on the ground prior to delivery to No. 35 Squadron RAF at Graveley, Huntingdonshire. HR861 was lost over Nuremberg, 11 August 1943

 

 

Vickers-Armstrong Wellington Mk IC

 

Used by 192 Squadron and 1473 Flight

 

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© IWM (CH 2265)

Three Wellington Mk ICs of No. 311 (Czechoslovak) Squadron RAF based at East Wretham, Norfolk, March 1941

 

 

B-17c Flying Fortress Mk I

 

Used by 1699 Flight

 

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© U.S. Air Force [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Boeing B-17C Fortress I in RAF colors

 

 

Airspeed Oxford

 

Used for HQ and Squadron Communication Flights

 

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© RuthAS [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Airspeed AS.10 Oxford HM954 of RAF Marham station flight at Blackbushe

 

 

de Havilland Tiger Moth

 

Used for Station Flights

 

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© IWM (ZZZ 11729)

DH.82A Tiger Moth Mark II, R5130, in flight

 

 

Percival Proctor

 

Used for Group Communication Flights

 

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© IWM (CH 12399)

Proctor Mark III, HM358, of No.12 Radio School, on the ground at St. Athan, Glamorgan